Coins of the Roman Republic

Silver denarii

Denarii were the standard silver coins of the Republic and of the first and second centuries AD.
25 denarii made 1 golden aureus and one denarius was worth 4 sestertii
A typical denarius measures approximately 18 mm in diameter and weighs between 3 and 3.5 grams.

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Julius Caesar, Dictator 49 to 44 BC

Caesar was a successful general who conquered Gaul and twice raided Britain before his recall to Rome. He then defeated his rival Pompey and was elected "Dictator for Life" by the Senate, but some Senators (jealous or fearing his proposed reforms) assassinated him after only 5 years.

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RC 3152 Julius Caesar (Dictator 49 - 44 BC), silver denarius


RC 3152 Julius Caesar
(Dictator 49 - 44 BC), silver denarius of 46-45 BC (minted in Spain)
obverse - no legend - head of Venus*, small Cupid on her shoulder
reverse - CAESAR - trophy of arms with male and female captive Gauls**.
* Caesar claimed descent from the goddess Venus.
** The reverse was designed to remind supporters (and opponents) during the Civil Wars of Caesar's recent triumphs in Gaul.

450

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RC 3151 Julius Caesar (Dictator 49 - 44 BC), silver denarius


RC 3151 Julius Caesar
(Dictator 49 - 44 BC), silver denarius of 46 BC (minted in Utica, Africa)
obverse - DICT ITER COS TERT - head of Ceres (goddess of wheat)
reverse - AVGVR PONT MAX - ceremonial tools of the High Priest.

 460

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RC 3321 Julius Caesar (Dictator 49 - 44 BC), silver denarius


RC 3321 Julius Caesar
(Dictator 49 - 44 BC), silver denarius of 46-45 BC (minted in Spain)
obverse - no legend - head of Venus*, small Cupid on her shoulder
reverse - CAESAR - trophy of arms with male and female captive Gauls**.
* Caesar claimed descent from the goddess Venus.
** The reverse was designed to remind supporters (and opponents) during the Civil Wars of Caesar's recent triumphs in Gaul.

525

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Mark Antony, Dictator 43 to 33 BC

Mark Antony defeated Caesar's assassins in a civil war and made
sure the Senate did not return to Republican government but was himself defeated in a second civil war by Caesar's nephew Octavian to whom the Senate gave the title 'Augustus' (= the revered one)

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RC 3330 - Mark Antony, silver denarius


RC 3330 - Mark Antony, silver denarius, Athens mint 38 BC
obverse - [M ANTONIVS M F] M N AVGR IMP TERT  - Mark Antony as the High Priest.
reverse - III VIR R P C COS DESIG ITER ET TERT - head of Sol (sun god) with radiate crown.
295

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